Federal, state and industry governments agree on roadmap for market ramp-up of climate-friendly PtL aviation fuels


Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze, Federal Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer and the President of the German Air Transport Association BDL, Peter Gerber, signed the "PtL Roadmap" together with representatives of other federal and state ministries as well as the aviation industry, mineral oil industry and plant manufacturers and operators.

With this joint roadmap, politics and industry agree on the necessary requirements and measures to establish and expand the production of power-to-liquid kerosene in the coming years. The PtL roadmap is intended to create the basis for producing at least 200,000 tonnes of sustainable kerosene annually for German aviation by 2030. This corresponds to one third of the current fuel requirements of domestic German air traffic.

Electricity-based, sustainably produced fuels are one of the most important building blocks for making CO2-neutral flying possible. In the so-called power-to-liquid process, liquid aviation fuels are created from hydrogen sustainably produced with additional renewable energies and sustainable carbon dioxide. The carbon can initially either come from CO2 sources that cannot be avoided, e.g. from bioenergy plants and industry, but in the future it is to be removed from the atmosphere via technical processes. Since only the previously capturedCO2 is emitted when flying with PtL kerosene, CO2 emissions in aviation can thus be gradually reduced drastically. The production processes have been technically tested to a large extent, but so far the fuels are neither available in relevant quantities nor at marketable prices. There is a lack of industrial-scale production. The PtL roadmap now shows how the market ramp-up of sustainable PtL kerosene can succeed. With this roadmap, politics and industry are seizing the opportunity to establish and expand crucial industrial know-how and technological leadership in Germany in the production and use of sustainably produced electricity-based aviation fuels.

The key measures and requirements relate to the technology, sustainability and market ramp-up for PtL fuel. This means in detail:

  • The technological development of the individual PtL production plants and components as well as their interaction on an industrial scale will be optimized: Demonstration and pilot plants must be created for this purpose, because the production processes have been tested, but so far only on a laboratory scale. In order to ensure smooth production processes on an industrial scale, the BMVI plans to set up a platform for the development, testing and demonstration of different PtL fuel production processes and the BMU plans to set up demonstration plants.
  • Sustainability criteria must be defined uniformly, bindingly and reliably in environmental and social terms. Sustainable electricity-based kerosene can only be produced with additional renewable energy and must have a certain reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. In the further development of the sustainability criteria for PtL kerosene, the stakeholders of the Roadmap will work towards establishing the highest possible binding standard at European and international level. These requirements should not only relate to electricity procurement, but also to other aspects such as water availability, land use and environmental compatibility.
  • In supporting the market ramp-up, it is crucial that binding targets for the purchase and sale of renewable kerosene are defined, what regulatory framework conditions are required and what state support, open to technology, is necessary for a self-sustaining market: To this end, the roadmap states that the federal and state governments should promote the development and production of PtL kerosene and thus initially create a supply. A binding minimum quota on aviation fuels sold in Germany and a purchase obligation will ensure that demand and investment security are created for market players despite the higher cost of the fuels. Distortions of competition for aviation should be avoided. Regulatory measures should therefore be designed in such a way that they are both effective and competitively neutral. On this basis, the airlines commit themselves to purchasing relevant quantities of PtL kerosene in the coming years.

Voices of the signatories to the PtL Roadmap:

Federal Environment MinisterSvenja Schulze: "Electricity-based fuels are the upwind for CO2-neutral air transport. After all, aircraft for everyday flying will not be able to fly electrically in the foreseeable future. PtL kerosene is therefore a key climate-friendly alternative to fossil kerosene. Electricity-based fuels should find their way out of the laboratory and into industrial production as soon as possible. With the PtL Roadmap, politics and industry are jointly facing up to the major challenge of making air transport CO2-neutral. With the PtX-Lab Lausitz and the International PtX-Hub Berlin, the BMU is doing national and international groundwork. We are currently transposing the European Directive on Renewable Energies in Transport into national law. In doing so, we are creating a sustainable basis for promoting the industrial production of PtL kerosene. The successively increasing statutory sub-quota for PtL kerosene envisaged by the German government will give a massive boost to its production from 2026. With the legal requirements, the German government is creating the necessary investment security that is urgently needed for the further development of climate-friendly technologies and plant construction. The PtL roadmap flanks an important stage on the way toCO2 neutrality in aviation."

Federal Transport MinisterAndreas Scheuer: "By switching to electricity-based kerosene, we can save millions of tonnes of CO2 emissions in aviation. But electricity-based fuels are not yet being produced in marketable quantities. The Federal Government, the Länder and industry have therefore developed a joint roadmap on how we can trigger the market ramp-up in Germany. The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure has also commissioned the German Aerospace Centre to work with partners from research and industry to design a production facility so that we can produce the fuel economically and bring it into use more quickly. Our goal is to fly in a climate-neutral manner."

Federal Minister of EconomicsPeter Altmaier: "With electricity-based kerosene on the basis of green hydrogen, we are showing that flying and climate protection are not contradictory. With this important step for the market ramp-up of green hydrogen, we want to expand the technology leadership of German companies and advance the development of a global hydrogen economy. The Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology is supporting the market ramp-up with a variety of funding programmes and by shaping the regulatory framework. In this way we are making an important contribution to the development of hydrogen technologies and to global climate protection."

Federal Development MinisterGerd Müller: "We need a global energy and transport revolution. This includes CO2 emission-free synthetic fuels - also for aviation. We will not be able to meet the growing demand in Europe alone. As a next step, we need an energy and climate partnership with Africa. Because Africa has the sun, hydropower for production and many young, motivated people. In Morocco, German development cooperation is building a reference plant for green hydrogen and synthetic fuels. This strengthens Germany's technological leadership, creates local jobs and is a very effective contribution to climate protection."

Minister of State Tarek Al-Wazir, Hessian Ministry of Economic Affairs, Energy, Transport and Housing: "Even if we can avoid short-haul flights in the future and shift other traffic by expanding rail and intelligently linking modes of transport - there will be areas where air transport is without alternative and we are dependent on it. We are united in our goal of consistently transforming air transport: It must becomeCO2-neutral and climate-friendly. It is important that we use the federal government's funding concepts to quickly take the step of building various production plants in the federal states in order to gain initial quantities of PtL kerosene and, above all, experience for the further market ramp-up. In Hesse, we have set an important course with the Competence Center for Climate and Noise Protection in Aviation. The roadmap also underlines once again how central the massive expansion of power generation from renewable energy sources in and outside Europe will be to achieving the Paris climate protection targets."

Peter Gerber,President of the German Air Transport Association (BDL) and CEO at Brussels Airlines: "Our goal is CO2-neutral flying. To achieve this goal, replacing fossil kerosene with sustainable aviation fuels is essential. The best solution in the long term, also from an ecological point of view, is fuels produced from atmospheric CO2 with the help of renewable energies. It has been proven that this works - now politicians and industry will work together on the basis of the PtL roadmap to ensure that these sustainable fuels are available in sufficient quantities and at competitive prices. We welcome the agreement that regulatory measures for the market ramp-up should be designed in such a way that they are both effective and competitively neutral. On this basis, we want to participate in the establishment of industrial plants for the production of sustainable aviation fuels, for instance in the form of purchase guarantees."

ReinerWinkler, BDLI Vice President Aviation and CEO of MTU Aero Engines AG: "The energy turnaround in the skies is a task for society as a whole. Only sustainable aviation can ensure mobility and climate protection in the long term and thus retain the "license to operate". The measures described in the PtL roadmap must be implemented quickly and consistently in order to achieve the climate targets set. As a first step, this requires the rapid construction of pilot plants for the production of synthetic fuels in Germany. In addition to integrated flight systems, lightweight structures and digitalisation, innovative propulsion technologies are the most promising way to decarbonise air transport. We are seizing the opportunity now: our highly innovative industry, together with our excellent research landscape, has the know-how to ensure that the climate-neutral aircraft of the future will come from Germany and Europe. Investments in innovation and technical progress pay off: The future of aviation is based on sustainability and climate neutrality."

Wolfgang Langhoff, Chairman of the Board of the German Petroleum Industry Association (MWV) and Chairman of the Board of BP Europa SE: "We are convinced that the PtL Roadmap shows a resilient plan on how we can achieve the goal of decarbonising aviation efficiently and in close cooperation between politics and industry. 200,000 tons of PtL kerosene per year is a realistic first step that is by no means too small: It will enable the decarbonization of about one third of all German domestic flights by 2030."

Dr. Uwe Lauber,Chairman of the VDMA "Power-to-X for Applications" Working Group and Chairman of the Executive Board, MAN Energy Solutions SE: "For climate-neutral aviation, electricity-based fuels are indispensable. The German mechanical and plant engineering industry would like to contribute to this with its engineering expertise and technological leadership. The market ramp-up for "Power-to-X" must be initiated in this decade so that these technologies also become established internationally."

The Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs is responsible for the design and implementation of the PtL roadmap: On the part of the German government, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI), the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the German statesOn the industry side, the German Air Transport Association (BDL), the German Aerospace Industries Association (BDLI), the German Petroleum Industry Association (MWV) and the "Power-to-X for Applications" working group of the German Engineering Federation (VDMA).

You can download the roadmap here